SeaViews: Insights from the Gray
(formerly the _Rochester Rag_, formerly the _News
Motto: The surest way to get a reputation for
being a trouble maker these days is to go about repeating
the very phrases that the Founders used in the struggle for
-- C.A. Beard
Anon ftp site
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On last month's Fix;
the answer to last month's Fix,
"What's to be done about the gas prices??"
Well, by the time you read this - the answer is laready
clear. Nothing. OPEC, as usual, was unable to maintain their
internal agreement to limit production, so supplies
increased and the price fell. In the Midwest, the fall was
probably hastened by govt. investigation of alleged price
fixing on "reformulated" gas. The free market works - when
it's truly free.
On Fairness in the Media;
I recently read a book called "How I Accidentally Joined the
Vast Right Wing Conspiracy (and found inner peace)" written
by Harry Stein. Those of you who have read the New York
Times, the New Yorker, or the Village Voice (all centrist
publications - to be sure) may recognize his name. Becoming
a father, however, reformed Stein. Out of curiosity, he did
a Nexus search on the 1998 volume of the NY Times for
certain key words. Results:
- The term "mean spirited" appeared in the New York
Times 102 times, always attached to a conservative.
- Twenty stories referred to "right wing" Reps. Two to
"left wing" Dems.
- "Advocate" was used 165 times, alwyas linked to
liberal causes; gay rights, homeless, privacy. The term
was never used to refer to those fighting for gender
neutral admissions, fighters for the unborn, or other
In 1998 Stein also saw a ESPN clip of Ted Kennedy giving
a award Dinner for the 1998 Home Run champions Sammy Souza
and Mark McGuire. Only Ted called them Sammy Shoosher and
Mike McGuire. Stein checked how many references were in the
newspapers the next day about the Kennedy gaff - 37. The
number of references to Dan Quayle's mispelling of potato in
the next day's papers - 1716.
More studies, movies on the cable channel Lifetime for
the week Jan 3-9, 1999. Remember Lifetime's slogan? Lifetime
- the channel for women. Does the following really speak to
the tastes of America's women?
- Abandoned and Decieved: Woman with 2 sons fight ex
who stopped child support.
- Becuase Mommy Works: LA nurse fights ex-husband and
his new wife.
- Betrayed - A story of three women: Women learn their
lawyer husbands are cheating
- Change of Heart: Wife is shocked by her husband's
choice of mistress
- Cried Unheard - the Donna Yanklich Story: A mother
tells her son why she hired a hit man to kill dad.
- Cry for Help: Abused wife sues police for lack of
- Eye of the Stalker: Lawyer obesses with judges
- Her Final Fury, Betty Broderick: Woman on trial for
killing ex and his lover
- In the Company of Darkness: Undercover woman cop and
protector lure serial killer
- Sin and Redemption: Pregnant minister's daughter
learns the evil truth about her husband
- When no one would listen: Murderous marriage
- A Women Scorned, the Betty Broderick Story: Woman on
trial for murder of husband who goes for mistress
Last month I included an editorial from Oliver North that
described the fates of some of the 56 signers of the
Declaration of Independance. I realized as I did so that I
had seen some of the descriptions before, but I didn't know
where - and North didn't see fit to give the original author
credit. I've since been educated as to who wrote the
original article, and include it in its entirety below with
the proper attribution.
"Our lives, our fortunes, our sacred honor"
by Paul Harvey, Rush Limbaugh Sr. and lots of
It was a glorious morning. The sun was shining and the
from the southeast. Up especially early, a tall bony,
young Virginian found time to buy a new thermometer,
he paid three pounds, fifteen shillings. He also
bought gloves for
Martha, his wife, who has ill at home.
Thomas Jefferson arrived early at the statehouse.
temperature was 72.5 degrees and the horseflies
so bad at that hour. It was a lovely room, very large,
gleaming white walls. The chairs were comfortable.
single door were two brass fireplaces, but they would
not be used
The moment the door was shut, and it was always
the room became an oven. The tall windows were shut,
loud quarreling voices could not be heard by
openings atop the windows allowed a slight stir of
air, and also a
large number of horseflies. Jefferson records that
were dexterous in finding necks, and the silk of
nothing to them." All discussion was punctuated by the
hands on necks.
On the wall at the back, facing the President's
desk, was a
panoply-consisting of a drum, swords, and banners
Fort Ticonderoga the previous year. Ethan Allen and
Arnold had captured the place, shouting that they were
"in the name of the Great Jehovah and the Continental
Now Congress got to work, promptly taking up an
measure about which there was discussion but no
"Resolved: That an application be made to the
Safety of Pennsylvania for a supply of flints for the
troops at New
Then Congress transformed itself into a committee of the
The Declaration of Independence was read aloud once
debate resumed. Though Jefferson was the best writer
of all of
them, he had been somewhat verbose. Congress hacked
excess away. They did a good job, as a side-by-side
of the rough draft and the final text shows. They cut
"by a self-assumed power." "Climb" was replaced by
read," then "must" was eliminated, then the whole
soon the whole paragraph was cut. Jefferson groaned as
continued what he later called "their depredations."
inalienable rights" came out "certain unalienable
rights," and to
this day no one knows who suggested the elegant
A total of 86 alterations were made. Almost 500
eliminated, leaving 1,337. At last, after three days
the document was put to a vote.
Here in this hall Patrick Henry had once thundered:
" I am no
longer a Virginian, Sir, but an American." But today
sometimes bitter argument stilled, and without fanfare
was taken from north to south by colonies, as was the
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was
There were no trumpets blown. No one stood on his
cheered. The afternoon was waning and Congress had no
of delaying the full calendar of routine business on
its hands. For
several hours they worked on many other problems
adjourning for the day.
Much To Lose
What kind of men were the 56 signers who adopted
Declaration of Independence and who, by their
committed an act of treason against the crown? To each
the names Franklin, Adams, Hancock, and Jefferson are
as familiar as household words. Most of us, however,
nothing of the other signers. Who were they? What
I imagine that many of you are somewhat surprised
at the names
not there: George Washington, Alexander Hamilton,
Henry. All were elsewhere.
Ben Franklin was the only really old man. Eighteen
40; three were in their 20s. Of the 56 almost half
-24- were judges
and lawyers. Eleven were merchants, 9 were landowners
farmers, and the remaining 12 were doctors, ministers,
With only a few exceptions, such as Samuel Adams
Massachusetts, these were men of substantial property.
two had families. The vast majority were men of
standing in their communities. They had economic
few men had in the 18th century.
Each had more to lose from revolution than he had to gain
John Hancock, one of the richest men in America,
already had a
price of 500 pounds on his head. He signed in enormous
so "that his Majesty could now read his name without
and could now double the reward." Ben Franklin wryly
"Indeed we must all hang together, otherwise we shall
assuredly hang separately." Fat Benjamin Harrison of
told tiny Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts: "With me it
will all be
over in a minute, but you , you will be dancing on air
an hour after
I am gone.
These men knew what they risked. The penalty for
death by hanging. And remember: a great British fleet
already at anchor in New York Harbor.
They were sober men. There were no dreamy-eyed
or draft card burners here. They were far from
yammering for an explosion. They simply asked for the
quo. It was change they resisted. It was equality with
country they desired. It was taxation with
sought. They were all conservatives, yet they
It was principle, not property, that had brought
these men to
Philadelphia. Two of them became presidents of the
States. Seven of them became state governors. One died
as vice president of the United States. Several would
go on to be
U.S. Senators. One, the richest man in America, in
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. One, a delegate
Philadelphia, was the only real poet, musician and
the signers (it was he, Francis Hopkinson - not Betsy
designed the United States flag).
Richard Henry Lee, A delegate from Virginia, had
resolution to adopt the Declaration of Independence in
1776. He was prophetic in his concluding remarks:
"Why then sir, why do we longer delay? Why still
this happy day give birth to an American Republic. Let
not to devastate and to conquer but to reestablish the
peace and law. The eyes of Europe are fixed upon us.
demands of us a living example of freedom that may
contrast in the felicity of the citizen to the ever
which desolates her polluted shores. She invites us to
asylum where the unhappy may find solace, and the
repost. If we are not this day wanting in our duty,
the names of
the American Legislatures of 1776 will be placed by
the side of all of those whose memory has been and
ever will be
dear to virtuous men and good citizens."
Though the resolution was formally adopted July 4, it was
until July 8 that two of the states authorized their
sign, and it was not until August 2 that the signers
Philadelphia to actually put their names to the
William Ellery, delegate from Rhode Island, was
curious to see
the signers' faces as they committed this supreme act
personal courage. He saw some men sign quickly, "but
face was he able to discern real fear." Stephan
colleague from Rhode Island, was a man past 60. As he
with a shaking pen, he declared: "My hand trembles,
heart does not."
"Most glorious service"
Even before the list was published, the British marked
member of Congress suspected of having put his name
treason. All of them became the objects of vicious
Some were taken. Some, like Jefferson, had narrow
who had property or families near British strongholds
- Francis Lewis, New York delegate saw his home
his estates in what is now Harlem, completely
British soldiers. Mrs. Lewis was captured and treated
brutality. Though she was later exchanged for two
prisoners though the efforts of Congress she died from
of her abuse.
- William Floyd, another New York delegate, was
able to escape
with his wife and children across Long Island Sound
Connecticut, where they lived as refugees without
seven years. When they came home they found a
- Philips Livingstone had all his great holdings in
confiscated and his family driven out of their home.
died in 1778 still working in Congress for the
- Louis Morris, the fourth New York delegate, saw all his
crops, and livestock taken. For seven years he was
his home and family.
- John Hart of Trenton, New Jersey, risked his life
to return home
to see his dying wife. Hessian soldiers rode after
him, and he
escaped in the woods. While his wife lay on her
soldiers ruined his farm and wrecked his homestead.
slept in caves and woods as he was hunted across
countryside. When at long last, emaciated by hardship,
able to sneak home, he found his wife had already been
and his 13 children taken away. He never saw them
died a broken man in 1779, without ever finding his
- Dr. John Witherspoon, signer, was president of
the College of
New Jersey, later called Princeton. The British
occupied the town
of Princeton, and billeted troops in the college. They
and burned the finest college library in the
- Judge Richard Stockton, another New Jersey
had rushed back to his estate in an effort to evacuate
his wife and
children. The family found refuge with friends, but a
sympathizer betrayed them. Judge Stockton was pulled
in the night and brutally beaten by the arresting
into a common jail, he was deliberately starved.
arranged for Stockton's parole, but his health was
judge was released as an invalid, when he could no
the British cause. He returned home to find his estate
did not live to see the triumph of the revolution. His
forced to live off charity.
- Robert Morris, merchant prince of Philadelphia,
signer, met Washington's appeals and pleas for money
year. He made and raised arms and provisions which
possible for Washington to cross the Delaware at
Trenton. In the
process he lost 150 ships at sea, bleeding his own
credit almost dry.
- George Clymer, Pennsylvania signer, escaped with
from their home, but their property was completely
the British in the Germantown and Brandywine
- Dr. Benjamin Rush, also from Pennsylvania, was
forced to flee
to Maryland. As a heroic surgeon with the army, Rush
several narrow escapes.
- John Martin, a Tory in his views previous to the
debate, lived in a
strongly loyalist area of Pennsylvania. When he came
independence, most of his neighbors and even some of
relatives ostracized him. He was a sensitive and
and many believed this action killed him. When he died
his last words to his tormentors were: "Tell them that
they will live
to see the hour when they shall acknowledge it
[the signing] to
have been the most glorious service that I have ever
- William Ellery, Rhode Island delegate, saw his
home burned to the ground.
- Thomas Lynch, Jr., South Carolina delegate, had
broken from privation and exposures while serving as a
commander in the military. His doctors ordered him to
cure in the West Indies and on the voyage he and his
were drowned at sea.
- Edward Rutledge, Arthur Middleton, and Thomas Heyward,
the other three South Carolina signers, were taken by
in the siege of Charleston. They were carried as
prisoners of war
to St. Augustine, Florida, where they were singled out
indignities. They were exchanged at the end of the
British in the meantime having completely devastated
landholdings and estates.
- Thomas Nelson, signer of Virginia, was at the
front in command
of the Virginia military forces. With British General
Cornwallis in Yorktown, fire from 70 heavy American
to destroy Yorktown piece by piece. Lord Cornwallis
and his staff
moved their headquarters into Nelson's palatial home.
American cannonballs were making a shambles of the
house of Governor Nelson remained untouched. Nelson
rage to the American gunners and asked, "Why do you
home?" They replied, "Sir, out of respect to you."
"Give me the cannon!" and fired on his magnificent
smashing it to bits. But Nelson's sacrifice was not
quite over. He
had raised $2 million for the Revolutionary cause by
own estates. When the loans came due, a newer
Congress refused to honor them, and Nelson's property
forfeited. He was never reimbursed. He died,
impoverished, a few
years later at the age of 50.
Lives, fortunes, honor
Of those 56 who signed the Declaration of
died of wounds or hardships during the war. Five were
and imprisoned, in each case with brutal treatment.
wives, sons or entire families. One lost his 13
children. Two wives
were brutally treated. All were at one time or another
of manhunts and driven from their homes. Twelve
their homes completely burned. Seventeen lost
owned. Yet not one defected or went back on his
Their honor, and the nation they sacrificed so much to
And, finally, there is the New Jersey Signer,
He gave two sons to the officer corps in the
They were captured and sent to that infamous British
afloat in New York Harbor known as the hell ship
11,000 American captives were to die. The younger
treated with a special brutality because of their
father. One was
put in solitary and given no food. With the end almost
with the war almost won, no one could have blamed
Clark for acceding to the British request when they
his sons' lives if he would recant and come out for
the King and
Parliament. The utter despair in this man's heart, the
his very soul, must reach out to each and one of us
200 years with the answer: "No."
The 56 signers of the Declaration of Independence
proved by their
every deed that they made no idle boast when they
the most magnificent curtain line in history. "And for
of this Declaration with a firm reliance on the
protection of divine
providence, we mutually pledge to each other our
fortunes, and our sacred honor."
1. By the time you see this, the 4'th of July will be far
behind, but here Matt B provides an alternate viewpoint of
Date: Tue, 11 Jul 2000 00:11:35 -0500 (CDT)
From: Matt Birkholz <email@example.com>
To: Dr. Steve Langer <sglanger@Oakland.edu>
Subject: fate of the Signers of the Declaration of
> Taken from
False Revolutionary War History,
Circulating since at least 1956, Debunked.
The Essay: The Price They Paid, follows the Analysis
> This analysis by Jim Elbrecht, indicates many
> in the essay entitled "The Price They Paid". His
> I'd like to address this 'Price They Paid' essay.
[Similar essays have
> been posted to the Libertarian party, John Birch
> Buchanan's and SAR sites. Also the city of Annapolis
site, and even the
> DAR magazine carried one as an editorial-- with no
comment on how far
> off the mark it was]
> Before anyone passes it on, or posts it to their
website, please do
> your own research.
> I have spent 100's of hours in the past year chasing
down the source of
> several similarly worded, and equally erroneous essays
that have made
> the rounds each summer for a few yrs. Most of what I've
> be found with a Deja-News search of
> for 'signer' in the subject.
> This particular one appears to be what I call 'The
> It is nearly verbatim from Paul Harvey's 1956 essay.
[Harvey's work has
> been re-copyrighted twice since then with no change in
any of the
> inaccuracies] Gary Hildreth is credited with in
some places on the
> web-- but mostly it is repeated as 'anonymous'.
> Some collections of bios are better than others, but in
> stay away from them altogether and read about the
> individually. If you must read a collection, I'd
> Scudierre's _NewYork's Signers of the Declaration of
> the NY'ers and Dumas Malone's _The Story of The
> Independence_ for an overview of the whole shebang.
Both are historians
> who specialize in Revolutionary history.
> To address as briefly as I am able a few of the errors
in that essay;
> Five signers were captured by the British
as traitors and tortured
> Only one was captured because he was a signer. None
died in captivity.
> There is no record of any being singled out for
'torture'. Prisons were
> hell on both sides.
> Twelve had their homes ransacked and
> More than that-- but it doesn't appear they were
destroyed because they
> were signers. There was a war going on and troops
needed to eat. [ if
> they were looted because they were signers, then why
were Sam Adams',
> John Hancock's, Benjamin Franklin's,Thomas Jefferson's,
> Benjamin Rush's, Robert Morris' homes spared when the
> their towns?]
> Two lost their sons in the Revolutionary
Army, another had two sons
> This one is interesting. I haven't been able to find
the second son who
> was killed. James Witherspoon is one son. The 'second
son' is mentioned
> in a few of these essays. In his preface, Meldrim
Thomson's book says
> one of Francis Lewis' sons was killed by the British.
In the text he
> correctly writes that Lewis lived with his two sons
after the war.
> Lewis only had 2 sons & a daughter that survived
> Perhaps someone wrote somewhere that Lewis had a child
'claimed by the
> British, never to be seen by him again'? That would be
> description of Lewis' daughter who married a British
> disowned by her father, and never seen again. [She
and their children
> did quite well in England, however]
> Abraham Clark had two [maybe 3] son's captured.
Given the number of
> sons who served, I'll bet a lot more were captured
> Revolution. There is little written of the children in
the bios and
> biographies that I've read.
> Also, a little noted side-note. Ben Franklin's son
spent more time in
> prison than any of the signers -- and with similar
treatment that they
> got. But Ben's son was a Loyalist and was held in
> Nine of the fifty-six fought and died from
wounds or the hardship
> of the Revolutionary War.
> Nine Signers did die during the Revolution. *None*
in/at the hands of
> the British. Only one from wounds. [sustained in a
duel with a fellow
> What kind of men were they? Twenty-four
were lawyers and jurists.
> Eleven were merchants, nine were farmers
and large plantation
> owners, all men of means, well
> I'd love to know the source of 24-11-9. It's been
> with some variation and I tried to count them myself.
Most of these men
> wore more than one hat, so these numbers don't add up
to 56-- but
> here's what I got last yr; [As of Aug 14, 1999]
31 'public service'
> prior to 1770 22 lawyers 11 Judges and Justices [28
were either lawyers
> or Judges or Justices before they signed] 18
merchants 16 planters,
> farmers, agriculturists 6 academics 5 authors 4
surveyors 3 doctors 3
> ministers. 2 "gentlemen" There was also a brewer, a
cooper, a couple
> inventors, a musician, a poet, a printer, a publicist,
> scientists, a seaman, a shoemaker, and a
> Carter Braxton ....... died in rags.
> After remaking, and re-losing his fortune.
> Thomas McKeam,..... and poverty was his
> He also rebuilt his fortune, and died a wealthy man
surrounded by his
> At the battle of Yorktown, Thomas Nelson,
Jr. noted that the
> British General Cornwallis, had taken over
the Nelson home for his
> headquarters. The owner quietly urged
General George Washington to
> open fire, which was done. The home was
destroyed, and Nelson died
> This one I love. My most recent biographies that I've
read were about
> Thomas Nelson. [_Thomas Nelson of Yorktown,
Revolutionary Virginian_ by
> Emory G Evans; and _Thomas Nelson, Patriot above
Profit_, Nell Moore
> Lee; both excellent and well footnoted]
> 1. It was the French artillery that was firing on that
> 2. The home that was destroyed in Yorktown was Thomas
> uncle's home. The signer's home was damaged, but
repaired & is a
> National park service site today.
> 3. When Nelson died he was 'cash poor', but among the
> landholders in VA. After his debts were paid, his
> were distributed amongst his children and wife.
> John Hart was driven from his wife's
bedside as she was dying.
> Their 13 children fled for their lives.
> An excellent reference site for John Hart is in the
Link above. This
> will show fallacies included in the above statement.In
1778 his 13
> children were aged from 36 to 13-- only 3 of them were
under 20. Mrs.
> Hart died a month before the British invaded NJ.
> May 19,1779 The NJ GAZETTE said: On Tuesday the 11 th
> this life at his seat in Hopewell, JOHN HART, Esq. the
> in General Assembly for the county of Hunterdon, and
late Speaker of
> that House. He had served in the Assembly for many
years under the
> former government, taken an early and active part in
> revolution, and continued to the day he was seized with
> illness to discharge the duties of a faithful and
upright patriot in
> the service of his country in general and the county he
> particular. The universal approbation of his character
> among all ranks of people, is the best testimony of his
worth, and as
> it must make his death regretted and lamented, will
> respect to his memory.
> John and Deborah Hart had 12 children: Sarah, Jesse,
> John, Susannah, Mary, Abagail, Edward, Scudder, Daniel
> Only Daniel and Deborah were still minor children
during the war and at
> his death.(end Obituary)
> John Hart died owing money, and due to the shortage of
> depreciation of colonial money, and a glut of land on
the market as
> Loyalist land was confiscated and sold, most of his
property was sold
> for a pittance. His sons later moved to the frontiers,
> married area men.
> I haven't finished the genealogy on his family, and
there might have
> been 13 kids at the house when the British marched
through on their way
> to Philadelphia, but some would have been grandkids.
> though,they didn't go out of their way to 'get him'--
his house was in
> the line of march.
> Morris and Livingston suffered similar
> Similar in that they had the misfortune of holding land
in an area that
> the British were occupying. There were two Morris's, of
> NY'er, Lewis Morris did have to leave his estate in
> [though he rebuilt it after the war]. Philip
Livingston died before the
> British left, but he had written a recent will leaving
> estate to his family.
> The other Morris, Robert, not only *didn't* have his
> confiscated, he and two other signers lived in
Philadelphia while it
> was occupied by the British and were not bothered by
the British or
> If you've gotten this far, you must have more than a
> in the signers, so I'll end with some of the sources
for the NY/NJ
> folks that I've read & can recommend;
> George Washington Letters in the Library of Congress
Documents from the
> Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention,
> from http://www.loc.gov]
> Boyd, George Adams; _Elias Boudinot, Patriot and
> University Press, 1952 [he was Stockton's brother
in law and the first
> Commissary of Prisons]
> Delafield, Julia Livingston 1801-1882; _Biographies of
> and Morgan Lewis_,Pub. 1877. ^Á ^Á
^Á ^Á ^Á ^Á ^Á ^Á
[Delafield is Francis
> gr-granddaughter -- This is in the NYS Archives in
Albany-- I don't
> know where else]
> DeWan, George; _They Signed for Independence William
Floyd and Francis
> Lewis, the two Long Islanders who took a stand for
> Ferris, Robert G., ed; _Signers of the Declaration:
> Commemorating the Signing of the Declaration of
> Publisher: Washington, DC: National Park Service, 1973
LOC Card #
> 73-600028 Sup. of Doc's USGPO # 2405-00496 [Good-
repeats a couple
> legends, but identifies most as such]
> Goodrich, Rev. Charles A.; _Lives of the Signers to the
> Independence_ ; 1829 [on Colonial Hall Site-
> http://www.colonialhall.org a few legends, but a fair
> Krout, John A.; _Dictionary of American Biography, Vol
XII_ [this one
> has some legends repeated as fact-- use
> Malone, Dumas; _THE STORY OF THE DECLARATION OF
> Oxford University Press, 1954. 250 pictures, prints and
> from museums and private collections. A pictorial
biography of events,
> people and stories surrounding the Declaration of
> pages, index [Excellent- easy read, lots of
> photographs; Malone was a Colombia Univ. professor of
> background of the Declaration is excellent. The bios
> brief. Many legends are repeated *and identified as
> Della Gray Barthelmas _ The Signers of The Declaration
> A Biographical and Genealogical Reference_ McFarland
& Co, North
> Carolina and London;1997 [this one is real
tempting, but has quite a
> few transcription errors and I suspect that much of her
> from unreliable sources. Still a good starting point,
as few of the
> others even look at children or parents]
> Sanderson, John; _Lives of the Signers_ Apr 28, 1820,
> Volumes [subject to a few legends repeated as
> Scudiere, Paul J.; _New York's signers of the
> Independence_ Publisher^Á : Albany : New York
State American Revolution
> Bicentennial Commission, [Only about
30 pages, but accurate as
> far as I can tell and should be easy to find via
> Jim Elbrecht
> Visit Jim's website for more
2. And we have from John Johnson an article whose
prediction time has not proved kindly towards;
Date: Fri, 21 Jul 2000 16:53:43 -0500
From: John Johnson <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Subject: Fwd: Submission
>From: "Freebase" <Freebase@email.msn.com>
>I submit. Here is an column I wrote for SKEW magazine,
which you are welcome
>With the vice-presidential nominee rumor mill churning
at a ferocious pace,
>one name keeps popping up in DNC circles - Evan Bayh. A
>and current Senator, from Indiana, Bayh is a Gore clone.
>The choice of Bayh would do nothing in terms of
diversity for a Democratic
>ticket (surprise!); other than turning out Indiana like
the bitch that it is
>(read: I am a New York Knicks fan) for it's 22 electoral
votes; which itself
>is significant, especially given the fact that the state
has been part of
>the GOP's harem for the past 36 years straight.
>Simply put, a Gore-Bayh ticket presents two jackasses
that not only look
>alike, but are also the son's of famous State
politicians (although Bayh's
>famous father has the dubious distinction of loosing an
election to Dan
>Quayle...yes, that Dan Quayle); both attended that
infamous breeding ground
>for closet homoerotic politicians, St. Albans
Preparatory Academy; and both
>are as exciting as a Mormon social - which, in answer to
all you steaming
>mad, Joseph Smith fearing zombies, I HAVE been to.
Anyone who denies that
>the nomination of Bayh for the vice-presidency is NOT
>autoeroticism on Gore's part stands to be pimp slapped
in front of your
>What Gore need's goes without saying - the Angry
American vote. You know the
>continuance of which I speak. It's that guy so pissed
off at the .03%
>property tax hike that, damn you bastards all to hell,
ain't using his turn
>signal. It's that guy who had a contact-mind altering
experience from the
>guy in the leather tasseled vest at the Neil Young
concert back in '74, and
>ever since then, "sort of understands things, you know?"
If there ever was a
>silent, stewing, nearly impotent majority, this is
>What the GOP has that the Democrats sorely lack is the
poster child of these
>silent white ragers of America, John McCain. Asshole
would be a kid
>description of George W. if he didn't choose McCain as
his running mate. But
>he won't, which doesn't determine much given we knew he
was an asshole long
>ago. Bush, despite his coke-snorting, slut slapping,
>of yesteryear is the closest thing to royalty the
current pathetic political
>landscape has to offer. And as such, he likes his table
>Fork here, napkin just right, sphincter clenched as
tight as the hand of a
>crack head around a discarded chicken bone from
Popeye's, dare any leaks get
>out of the Bush castle. McCain is messy, politically if
not mentally. And
>as Bush assembles his entourage for what so many in the
dank, murky corners
>of the GOP have told him is his pre-destined presidency,
the Angry Americans
>will be left to curse at little league umpires and tell
>co-workers of how they VERY NEARLY slashed the tires of
that jerkoff from
>It's a crying shame.
>Next Week - How the 1,200 hollering, hairy legged,
political neophytes of
>the Green Party stand to change the face of the
Quote(s) of the month:
"Is it the position of the United States that persons who
are not in the National Guard are afforded no
protections under the Second Amendment?"
--Attorney for the US Justice Department, answering a
question from the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.
Fix of the month:
"Is it time to give free prescriptions to Senior
1. 28 August, Statewide: A sampling of the news. Item - E.
Coli outbreak in Bellingham's county fair - 11 hospitalized.
Item - E.Coli outbreak in Vancouver Washington - 7
hospitalized. Item - E. Coli outbreak in Portland Wendy's
restaurant - 3 hospitalized. Item - toxic shellfish in Saun
Juan Islands - 2 hospitalized. Item - chemically tainted
VitaMilk - no hospitalizations reported. Item - Langer
family pushes back from their dinner.
1. Aug. 26, Los Alamos: In what must surely be the worst
year in its history, the Los Alamos national lab has been
hammered by back-to-back FBI investigations into security
lapses, intense congressional scrutiny, budget cuts, and an
exodus of government computer experts and physicists to high
trading jobs elsewhere, and finally-a wildfire that shutdown
the lab for 12 days and forced evacuation of surrounding
Said former director Sigefried Hecker, "When you read all
things being written about this laboratory, anyone who has a
choice has to think twice about coming to Los Alamos.
I'm not sure that we can repair the damage to the lab
quickly enough-a lot of damage has been done."
About half of the permanent computer staff, 14
individuals, have left the group that is responsible for
building supercomputer codes to model nuclear explosions
without actually having to perform live tests.
Replacing them has not been easy-when Los Alamos recruiters
went to Stanford University's computer department to
recruit-no graduates came to see their sales pitch.
"Potential employees do not care to subject themselves to
lie detector tests, FBI abuse, and increasing harassment by
their neighbors," said Hecker. The upper lab
management has offered to resign, at the suggestion from
chief physicist William Varnum, but many other remaining
employees would view this as abandonment to elements in
1. Aug 26: What monumental events are occuring in the
nation's steamy capitol? From the Washington Post Front
When DC native Jenny Ringley started Jenny Cam four years
ago, she was for a crazy and self sets. She was a
young woman who displayed her life for everyone to see under
an Internet camera 24 hours a day. She changed in
front of camera, brought her dates home in front of its, and
allowed us to see her online diary.Eventually the stunt got
Enter Pamela Courtney. Courtney followed in Jenny's
footsteps and began putting her life in Sacramento on the
Internet two years ago. She and Jenny that at a party
for Web broadcasting participants, and quickly became
friends. At Courtney's invitation, Jenny moved to
Sacramento and in fact in a neighboring house -where she
meant Courtney's fiancee.
You can guess where this is going. Yes, Jenny
seduced Courtney's fiancee live on Jenny Cam. The soap
2. Aug 29: The supreme court, once again decides that the
states don't know what's good for themselves, and on the
suggestion of a Presidential order have declared the laws
permitting medical use of marijauna in California, Alaska,
Washginton and Oregon to be null and void. Those people with
medical prescriptions can expect a friendly visit from their
local DEA chapter.
3. August 10: The prestigious Journal of the
American Medical Association shocked the
anti-gunrights crowd by publishing a study revealing that
the fabled Brady Act is a failure. Drs. Philip Cook of Duke
and Jens Ludwig of Georgetown University concluded "our
analyses provide no evidence that implementation of the
Brady Act was associated with a reduction in homicide
Because the national crime rates have been steadily
declining since 1991--beginning a couple of years
after various "get tough on criminals" laws began putting
more offenders in prison, and for longer terms--the
advocates of gun laws have been cheering that the Brady Act
and "Assault Weapons" bans have caused the decrease in
didn't go into effect until 1994.
Cook and Ludwig studied the homicide and suicide rates in
the 32 states where Brady created new gun restrictions,
compared to a "control group" of the 18 states which
already had equal or more restrictive laws, and were
therefore not affected by Brady. They had anticipated
that the 32 "treatment states" would have experienced
declines in crime, now that they had been "treated" with a
dose of gun control. They were wrong. The only
"statistically significant" effect they could find was that
there had been a decrease in suicides by people over
55, which they attributed to the Brady waiting
period--and an assumption that older people own fewer
Both the NY Times and the Washington Post siezed on this
last point, namely that Brady decreased suicides
among the elderly.
Sen. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) wrote the New York Times
that the study begins with the "flawed premise" that
criminals obtain their guns from within their own states.
and pouts that the study is "likely to set back the cause of
gun control." "If anything, this study proves we need even
more gun laws," said Schumer.
4. June 20: Last Tuesday's oral argument on U.S. v.
Emerson in the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals demsontrates
that according to the US Justice Dept., there is no
Constitutional right to buy, sell or continue to
possess any firearm. A Lubbock, Texas Judge, Sam Cummings'
opinion struck down a Federal law prohibiting possession of
a firearm by someone under a restraining order-- as in the
case of Dr. Timothy Emerson, where the routine order was
issued during a divorce proceeding when there was no threat
Judge Cummings found that section 922(g)(8) of the Gun
Control Act violates both the Fifth Amendment's "due
process" protection (since Emerson didn't know he could not
possess a gun) as well as the Second Amendment. At the US
Court of Appeals, the Federal prosecutors argued their case
for over 90 minutes.
Judge William L. Garwood, the senior judge (appointed by
Reagan), seemed startled by the government's
position. He said,"You are
saying that the Second Amendment is consistent with a
position that you can take guns away
from the public? You can
restrict ownership of rifles, pistols and shotguns from all
people? Is that the position of the United
Meteja (attorney for the government): "Yes"
Judge Garwood demanded: "Is it the position of the United
States that persons who are not in the National Guard
are afforded no protections under the Second Amendment?"
Meteja: "Exactly." Meteja added that National
Guard members could only possess guns issued or used
in the Guard.
When Meteja said he was unaware of any Federal definition
of militia, Judge Garwood snapped that it's in Sec. 311 of
Title 10, U.S.C. (which defines the unorganized militia as
all able-bodied citizens not members of the formal State
Guard or National Guard). Both Judge Garwood and Judge
Harold DeMoss, Jr. (appointed by Bush) challenged Meteja's
interpretation of the Supreme Court's 1939 Miller decision,
which upheld the 1934 National Firearms Act on grounds
that no evidence had been presented that
short-barreled guns like Miller's were normal militia
Judge DeMoss pointed out that Emerson's Beretta 92F
9mm is the standard U.S. Army pistol.
Judge DeMoss also raised a critical Tenth Amendment and
Commerce Clause question. "I have a 16-gauge shotgun
in my closet at home. I have a 20-gauge shotgun. I also have
a .30-caliber deer rifle at home. Are you saying these are
'in or affecting interstate commerce?"
The judges pointed out that in U.S. v. Lopez and last
month's U.S. v. Morrison decision, the U.S. Supreme Court
overturned the gun-free schools act and the violence
against women act, on grounds that both exceeded Congress'
powers under the Commerce Clause.
Ed: What is interesting here, is that the supporters of
the Brady Bill say that "assault rifles" have no legitimate
sporting purpose and thus shuld be banned. Then the
anti-gunners will spin on a dime and say that sporting guns
are not legitimate for militia use, and thus should be
banned. In the end, of course, the aim is to ban
1. From the August 30, 2000 sciencedaily.com
Since climate change affects everyone on Earth,
scientists have been trying to pinpoint its causes.
For many years, researchers agreed that climate change was
triggered by what they called "greenhouse gases," with
(CO2) from burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and
gas, playing the biggest role. However, new research
suggests fossil fuel burning may not be as important in the
mechanics of climate change as previously thought.
NASA funded research by Dr. James Hansen of the Goddard
Institute for space Studies, New York, NY, and his
colleagues, suggests that climate change in recent decades
has been mainly caused by air pollution
non-CO2 greenhouse gases, particularly tropospheric ozone,
methane, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and black carbon (soot)
particles. Such soot can be found in manmade pollutants, as
well as forest fires and volcanic eruptions.
"The good news is that the growth rate of non-CO2
greenhouse gases has declined in the past decade, and if
sources of methane and tropospheric ozone were reduced in
the future, further changes in climate due to these gases in
the next 50 years could be
near zero," Hansen explained.
Ed: Here it comes, the slow but sure backpeddling away
from the melddown scenario, due no doubt, to the shining
leadership in the White House for the past 8 years. But if a
Rep. gets in .... Armegeddon here we come.
© Steve Langer, 1995-2000